English Version


Since the 1980s I have been interested in playing the art of doing images with human’s visual sensory capabilities in interpreting those images. Some people recognized my works as optically-illusive abstract paintings, which exploits eyes sensor capabilities towards objects like strips and dots (directly squeezed acrylic paint from the tube) as the centre of interest of the works. According to the concept of abstract artworks, the shadowed object does not represent any particular object but itself. It presents a bounce of squeezed paint from the tube, not to represent any figurative object. Some people, by then, call that phenomenon  as a “concrete” painting, a painting that presenting its own real object, not represent anything else but itself.   

To complement my three-dimensional discovery through the effect of shadow, I sometimes also working with “realistic” objects.  Watching view pieces of optically-illusive abstract painting in the same room is very much boring and exhausting, so it takes some breaking objects to refresh the joy of watching the artworks.

Optical-Illusion: Floating, Flying, Blurring

My first and original idea of playing with “shadow” in my painting was actually to create “depth” or 3D-like impression in the painting. There are some ways to develop the three dimensional looking effects in painting: by exploiting the power of perspective, building physical texture on the canvas, or to manipulate geometrical objects or by applying contrasting colors so that the depth looks so real. I prefer to play with optical colors with repetitive objects which is set in contrast combination, between something  “solid” and something “blur”. This way, the 3D impression, can no longer be easily analyzed logically.

To keep our vision always fresh in enjoying the 3D flat paintings, I intensively explore some other optically illusive objects that looks exotically “floating”, or “flying”, or “blurring”, or “fuzzy”. The objects can be anything such as hanging baby, floating pillows or anything looks attractive.

Two-Dimensional Sculptures

I don’t know why I always interested in playing with dimension whenever I work with my arts. It could be caused by my uncompleted study in sculpture department of STSRI-ASRI that made me become a  meso-practitioner in art, doing by learning but not well-supported. I feel like knowing a lot about art concepts or theories but not really enough having good practices in it.

I frequently think that the substance of my work in art is actually doing three-dimensionalization to painting, and/or doing two-dimensionalization to sculpture. It sounds simple but it offers unlimited inspirations to work with. There will be so many new art works can be done from it.


It is clear that politic is a part of culture, but only few people believe that politic is the most directing part of culture. It is right that some aspects of political actions are influenced or reflect cultural dimension of the actor, but politic is the one that is really commanding the direction of culture. Let us think of what do politician have in their “palace”. As a central place of political activities, a palace is always set to be the centre of excellent, a building or  a set of area which contains of good products, good values, which every item of them become an icon of excellences among the citizens. By then, palace becoming the reference of day to day cultural dynamics. Politic is dominating culture.

That is why I still have not enough passion to work with social or political issues in my art. I prefer to express my ideas of social or political analysis through writing a book.



Name                     : Tulus Warsito, Prof.Dr.

Place & Date of Birth: Sragen, Central Java, 10 October 1953


Education & Teaching Experience  

1972    -to study the Art of Sculpture in The Academy of Fine Art (STSRI-ASRI), Yogyakarta

1977    - to teach The Art of Batik, Artist in Residence, at Pierson College, YALE UNIVERSITY, New Haven, Connecticut, and BROWN University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA, also at

    •   Hamden Highschool, Hamden, Connecticut

·         Briddle Path School, Hartford, Connecticut

·         Glastonbury Art Guild, Glastonbury, Connecticut

·         Creative Art Workshop, New Haven, Connecticut

·         Farmington Valley Art Center, Avon, Connecticut

1979   - to teach The Art of Batikat Galleri Smend, Koln, Germany

1980   - to study International Relations in Faculty of Social & Political Science, Gadjah Mada University (UGM), Yogyakarta

1987   - graduated a Bachelor degree from Department of International Relations, Faculty of Social & Political Science, Gadjah Mada University (UGM), Yogyakarta

1988   - to join as a lecturer in the Department of International Relations,Universitas  Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

1995  - graduated a Master degree ic Post Graduate Program, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, with a dissertation about “1997 Economic Crisis and Democratization in South Korea, a Case Study of Industrial Relations”, in Cum Laude.

2008  - inaugurated a Full Professorship in Cultural Diplomacy, International Politics, Methods of Political Science,October 1st2008

2010-2012  -to serve as a Visiting Professor at the School of International Studies, COLGIS-UUM

2013        - Head of Departement of Islamic Political Studies, Postgraduate Program, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta


One Man Exhibitions

1974         - Rouge Gallery, Medford, Oregon, AS

1977         - Dining Hall, Pierson College, YALE UNIVERSITY, New Haven, Connecticut, AS

1988         - Pameran BATIK PLASTIK, Bentara Budaya, Yogyakarta.

1990         - Adipati Suryo Gallery, Ubud, Bali

1992         - Gallery Nasional, Gambir, Jakarta

1994         - C-Line Gallery, Legian, Kuta, Bali

1996         - Ruko BENTENG, Solo

1998         - Taman Ismail Marzuki(TIM), Jakarta

2000         - Hughes Kafe & Gallery, Solo

2003         - Fabolous  Art Gallery, Jakarta

2004         - Galleri TEMBI, Yogyakarta

2007         - Galleri TEMBI, Jakarta

2009       - Professorship Inauguration Exhibition, , KHA Dahlan Hall B, UMY, Yogyakarta


Art Awards

1975         - The Big Four, International Student art Competition held by the University of Oregon  Museum of Art, Eugene, Oregon, USA.

1990         - GOLDEN CANTING, Taman Budaya Yogyakarta.

1998         - The Ten Best, Philip Morris YSRI Award, Jakarta



1992-1994                           -Head of Department of International Relations, Faculty of Social & Political Science, Muhammadiyah University of Yogyakarta.

1996-2001, 2007-2009           -Dean of Faculty of Social & Political Science, Muhammadiyah University of Yogyakarta.

1997-1998                           -Director of Yogyakarta Arts Festival VIII & IX (FKY VIII-IX)

1990                                  -Chairperson of Indonesian Artist Committee (KSRI)

1995-2002                           -Deputy Director of Yogyakarta Art Council

2002-2007                           -Head of Sinology Center, Muhammadiyah University of Yogyakarta.

2003-2008                            -Member of Yogyakarta Council of Culture

2010-recent                          -Member of ISA(International Studies Association)

2007-2010                     -Member of Assessor of Indonesia National Board of Higher Education Accreditation

2008                                -Director of Corner Insitute, Yogyakarta

2009                                  -Director ofPost-Graduate Program, Muhammadiyah University of Yogyakarta

-Vice President of INAKOS (International Association of Korean Studies in Indonesia)

2013                           - to give lecture at Mahathir Global Peace Studies(MGPS 1), Yogyakarta, Indonesia.


Academic Award        - LIFE TIME ACHIEVEMENT AWARD 2010, 29 th Anniversary Celebration, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta.


  1. Theories of Foreign Policies: Its Limits & Relevance: in bahasa Indonesia: Teori-teori Politik Luar Negeri, Relevansi dan Keterbatasannya, 1998, Bigraf, Yogyakarta, ISBN:979-8680-14-5
  2. Political Development, Critical Analysis to a Crises, in bahasa Indonesia: Pembangunan Politik, Analisis Kritis atas Krisis, 1999, Bigraf, Yogyakarta, ISBN:979-8680-19-7
  3. Nosajeong, The Rise and Swift of South Korean Democracy, in bahasa Indonesia;Nosajeong, Rahasia Kebangkitan dan Percepatan Demokrasi Korea Selatan, 2006, Penerbit Pilar Media, Yogyakarta, ISBN:979-3921-50-1
  4. Cultural Diplomacy, in bahasa Indonesia;Diplomasi Kebudayaan, 2006, Penerbit Ombak, ISBN: 979-3472-66-9
  5. The Elections in The New Order Era, in bahasa Indonesia;Beberapa Catatan Tentang Pemilu Orde Baru, 2007, LP3-UMY, Yogyakarta, ISBN:979-98053-7-5
  6. Corporatism in China, in bahasa Indonesia;Korporatisme di Cina, 2007, LP3-UMY Yogyakarta, ISBN: 979-98053-6-7
  7. Political Power Competition and Comparison in The Beginning of The 21st Century, in bahasa Indonesia;Persaingan Dan Perbandingan Kekuatan Politik Pada Era Awal Abad 21, 2007, LP3-UMY, Yogyakarta, ISBN: 979-98053-8-3
  8. Border Diplomacy; in bahasa Indonesia;Diplomasi Perbatasan, 2008, LP3-UMY, Yogyakarta, ISBN:979-98503-10-10
  9. Capitalism & Democracy in the Perspective of Political Development; in bahasa Indonesia; Kapitalisme & Demokrasi dalam Perspektif Pembangunan Politik, 2010, LP3M & PPS UMY, ISBN:979-98503-12-04
  10. KORPORATISME DI KOREA SELATAN  (Chapter 4/5, p.150) in Novi S.K. Indrastuti, 2010, SEJARAH KOREA MENUJU MASYARAKAT MODERN: Beberapa Peristiwa Penting, INAKOS & Pusat Studi Korea UNIVERSITAS GADJAH MADA, Yogyakarta. ISBN: 978-979-25-8817-0
  11. DEMOKRASI DAN DEMOKRATISASI DI KOREA (Chapter 5/2, p.135) in Syamsuddin, Mukhtassar, eds, 2010, POLITIK PEMERINTAHAN KOREA, INAKOS & Pusat Studi Korea Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, ISBN 978-9769-25-8818-7
  12. Writing a Chapter 3 as a co-author of Introduction to International Relations ( a textbook) with UUM Intaff colleagues (  to be printed by Oxford University press, On Going Process)
  13. Border Studies of ASIA: People, Governance, and Conflicts Resolutions, LP3M, ISBN 978-602-7577-25-1, Yogyakarta, 2013



·         1994    (Ministry of  National Education of the Rep. of Indonesia Master Scholarship)

·         1998    JIIA Fellowship, Tokyo, Japan, 1998

·         2001    BPPS(Ministry of National Education of the Rep. of Indonesia doctoral Scholarship)

·                                 2003    received a dissertation Fellowship from ASEAN University network(AUN) and the Korean Association of Southeast Asian Studies(KASEAS) to conduct a research entitled “Post 1998 Economic Crisis Democratization in South Korea: an Industrial Relations Studies” in Hankuk University of Foreign Studies(HUFS), Seoul, Korea


Selected Proceedings:

1.    “State and Islamic Human Development, a Political Perspective”, in Muslim Countries and Development: Achievement, Constraints and Alternative Solutions (Multi-Discipline Approach), Proceeding International Joint Seminar IIUM, UMY,2006, ISBN: 979-3700-10-6

2.    “Another Global Paradox; The Impact of China’s One-Child Planned Birth Policy”, inHuman Security in Asia, Emerging Issues and Challenges, Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference of  the Asia Association for Global Studies, 2006, Global Studies Press, Osaka, Japan

3.    Poverty Trap in The Border Land, in International Conference on Khmer Studies, Siem Reap, Kamboja, March 2008

4.     The New Presidential Government in Indonesia: a case study of President SBY’s Second Term, in The Annual Conference of The Korean Association on Public Administration, KASEAS, Incheon, South Korea, October, 2009

5.     International Studies In Indonesia: Its Contribution to  Nation Building,  The International Conference on the 7th Anniversary of Yogyakarta State University: “Enriching Future Generations: Education Promoting Indonesian self-Development, Faculty of Social Sciences & Economics, Yogya State Univ, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, June 27-28, 2011

6.     International Joint Seminar:” Towards Good Governance and Leadership: Decent Livelihood for Women”, USM, Penang, July 28-2011

7.      International Conference on Sustainable Innovation(ICOSI), UMY, Yogyakarta, 19 March 2012

8.       SUPRANATIONAL GOVERNANCE IN CHANGING SOCIETIES: a Question of Sovereignty(a Case Study of European Union in the Last decade), in TheInternational Conference on Public Organization(ICONPO), Korea University, May 11-2012


Selected Journal:

  1. Natures of Asian Industrial Relations; Ciri-ciri Sistem Hubungan Industrial Asia dalam Jurnal SOSIAL & POLITIK Volume 13,  Nomor 1 Februari 2004, ISSN:0854-4624
  2. The Economic Crisis 1977 and Democratization in South Korea ( A Case Study of Industrial Relations) dalam Jurnal Ekonomi & Studi Pembangunan, terakreditasi SK DIKTI Nomor: 23a/Dikti Kep/2004
  3. Integrative and Fragmented Natural Resources Management: a case Study of Deforestation in Brazil; Integrasi & Fragmentasi Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Alam(Studi Kasus: Deforestasi di Brazil), Jurnal Hubungan Internasional, Volume IV No.1, February 2008, ISSN:1829-5088


Selected “Presented Papers”:

  1. Capitalism & Democracy in Perpective of Political Development, a Case Study of Asian New Industrial Countries,  JIIA Fellowship Seminar, Tokyo, Japan, July 1998
  2. 2004 Election Analysis; Analisis Pemilu 2004, Diskusi Fisipol-UMY, Yogyakarta, 25 March 2004
  3. Labor Conflict Management; Teknik Penyelesaian Sengketa Ketenagakerjaan, a National Workshop, Hotel Saphir, Yogyakarta, 21 September 2005
  4. South Korea in The Constellation of Asia-Pacific Regional Political Power, International Seminar, Fisipol-UMY, Yogyakarta, 15 November 2005
  5. Chinese Culture, Cross-cultural Approach to Nationalism;Kebudayaan Cina, Pemahaman Lintas Budaya Memperkokoh Persatuan Nasional, UMM, Malang, 3-4 March 2006
  6. Anticipation to Corruption in Local Government; Pencegahan Korupsi Terhadap Dana APBD di Daerah, National Seminar, PSOD, Hotel Saphir, 19 April 2006
  7. National Leadership; Isu Kepemimpinan Nasional, National Seminar XX AIPI, Medan, 3-4 May 2006
  8. A Global Paradox: China’s One-Child Policy; International Conference on Global Governance: Policies and Impacts, Asia Association of Global Studies (AAGS), Seoul, South Korea, September 2008.
  9. Election as Competition and Contestation; Pemilu Sebagai Kontestasi dan Kompetisi, Diskusi Panel Pendidikan Politik dan Pemilu 2009, Membangun Budaya dan Etika Politik Yang Bermatabat, Direktorat Jenderal Kesatuan Bangsa dan Politik, Departemen Dalam Negeri dan LSM GEBRAK, Batam, 11 October 2009
  10. South Korean Nationalism, Second Inakos National Forum, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, October 9 – 2009
  11. Indonesia Chinese Muslims: problems & prospect:  International Conference on Migration in China and Asia, CASS, Beijing, May 20-23/2010   
  12. International Studies in Indonesia: a reflection of national identity, International Conference on the 7th Anniversary of Yogyakarta State University: “Enriching Future Generations: Education Promoting Indonesian self-Development, Faculty of Social Sciences & Economics, Yogya State Univ, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, 27-28 June, 2011
  13. Feminism in The International Studies; a critical overview, International Joint Seminar:” Towards Good Governance and Leadership: Decent Livelihood for Women, KANITA Universiti Sain Malaysia, Penang, 28 July 2011


Selected Articles in Newspaper:

  1. The European Union’s Paradox; Meninjau Kembali Paradox Uni Eropa, Suara Pembaruan,  8 June 2005
  2. The Position of Bureaucracy; Mengapa Pegawai Negeri Harus Netral?, Suara Pembaruan 6 January 2006
  3. Opposition to SBY’s Administration;Pemerintahan Yudhoyono Harus “diadu” Dengan Kabinet Bayangan, Suara Pembaruan, 2 March 2006
  4. North Korea and The West; Motif Korea Utara Nodong Barat, Harian TEMPO, 17 February 2007
  5. Position of Opposition, Posisi Oposisi, Suara Merdeka, April 2007
  6. Hillary, Obama, and The American Myths; Hillary dan Obama Melawan Mitos Amerika, Harian TEMPO, 26 April 2008
  7. Iftar Diplomacy, Diplomasi Iftar, Republika, October 2008
  8. State Empowerment, Memberdayakan Negara, Kedaulatan Rakyat, January 2010
  9. Terrorism & Mass Media, Kedaulatan Rakyat, March 2010
  10. Open Diplomacy & WikiLeaks, Diplomasi Terbuka dan WikiLeaks, Harian Jogya, November 2010


Subject of Courses:

  1. Public Opinions & Political Parties
  2. Introduction to Political Science
  3. Methods of Political Science
  4. Cultural diplomacy
  5. Indonesian Foreign Policy
  6. International Politics
  7. international organization & institution
  8. seminar on diplomacy and international relations issues
  9. foreign policies
  10. personal development & character building
  11. living in the multicultural society
  12. Non-traditional security studies
  13. Political Power Analysis
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